angel

Linked Glossary of Terms
(references to De Wijsbegeerte der Wetsidee, unless indicated. See concordance for correlation with pages in the New Critique. The concordance is in pdf format.)

angel NC I, 144

Angels, like humans, are created beings in the aevum. Dooyeweerd does not speculate about what they are like. But he does say that since God and angels are not included in the cosmic temporal order; they may not need to think in a temporal fashion (NC I, 144). This is because cosmic time is the limit to our ‘earthly’ temporal cosmos (NC II, 3).

Dooyeweerd says that the cosmic law does not include God and the angels (NC I, 144). This view of the law was one of the key differences with Vollenhoven. Vollenhoven recognized that for Dooyeweerd the cosmos includes only that part of creation that finds its root in humanity. But Vollenhoven thought the place of the law was outside of the cosmos, and that it also applied to angels. He also believed that we could include angels in philosophic discussion insofar as their state had been revealed by Scripture.

Dooyeweerd did not believe it was philosophically fruitful to try to imagine what angels’ existence is like, nor what our own existence will be like in the afterlife when our “soul” is divided from our body, after we shed our “mantle of temporal functions.” But he seems to say that our state will be similar to the angels (“Het tijdsprobleem en zijn antinomien, ” 4-5).

Dooyeweerd also speaks of the eschatological aspect of time, that which happens beyond the limits of cosmic time. It is known in faith (NC I, 32, 33).